There are a few tools you must have when it comes to woodworking. Now that said, the list can alter considerably depending on what you are constructing. Specific tools can do a job in a pinch but yet another tool would be more proper. For instance; cutting a 2*4 is not much more difficult and more exact with a round saw than with a jigsaw. Try cutting a circle with a circular saw out ! Hand tools operated for hundreds of years and can work good for you also; but power tools sure make things simpler. Sometimes the store where you buy your timber will also do some small cutting of wood should you inquire.
And do not be frightened to ask someone whom you know that has tools. Individuals don't mind cutting on a couple boards for you, particularly if you help. So here is my record of the most basic tools before you even make a decision as to what to build with wood, you must have.
Power Saw (to cut planks to span)- Now this one can get a bit catchy. You will need some type of saw you can cut a plank to length with; i.e. cut 10 inches off the length of a 2*4, preferably in a straight line. This can be your normal crosscut (for cutting on the other side of the grain) hand observed all-the-way as much as a compound miter saw that is driven.
A hand saw or nail gun will work pretty well-but it takes some exercise and effort to cut a clean, plumb and square (see "square" below) line. There's quite various tools which will cut a plank this way so I shall mention the most primary here and in other posts I am going to enter into the more complex tools.
A device is called a miter box which I have used many times which allows one to cut cut through a plank or some angled cuts like 30 degrees or 45 degrees. It is just a little box an open best with slots to guide a saw. These can be fairly affordable, quite accurate and real handy too.
These might be located either online or generally at any hardware store or building center. One power-tool I will mention here that I believe is worth considering if you don't already own one is a round saw. A round saw is a handheld power saw that you can use for many purposes; a plank is reducing to span. It is also possible to use it to cut a plank or plywood the lengthy way; known as "ripping". For wood-working functions, next in line to a cordless drill, I believe a circular saw must not be low on the record of energy tools to buy.
A "square"- A square of some sort is really one of the very critical tools that the start or experienced woodworker can own in my opinion. The name square is a bit misleading since the tool is nearly never formed anything like a square. What a square does is allow 90-degree cuts to cut at . 90 degrees is the most common angle in woodworking. To provide a visible; two planks with perfectly cut 90-degree ends, laid end to end, will place in a totally straight line.
A square is normally a triangular-shaped metal or plastic device that will hook to mark and allow you've got a bonded 90 diploma line on one edge of plank and/or cut upon the board. These could be a speed square, a carpenter's square, a combination square or many more. The stage is you need something that you can reference to make a square-cut. The pyramids utilizing a form of the square were laid out by the ancient Egyptians and some other fundamental tools.
A Fastener- It is a strange kind however a vital one in case you're planning to attach any pieces of wood together to to make a genuine item. I am going to mention a few different tools which are employed normally for woodworking projects starting with the most fundamental. The hammer and nail I believe are the most time-tested and fundamental tools that one can use to attach two-pieces of wood.
You may argue that glue is really old too, however in the "tool" sense, I'd say hammer and nail. With a few planks, some nails and a hammer you can build a variety of things: simply ask any 8-year old (once they put-down their i-pad). You are able to construct a shelf, a sign and post, a bicycle leap, a seat, a bean-bag toss game, etc.
Often times projects held as well as nails rely greatly on the shear strength and keeping power of the piece for the overall strength of the nail. If you have stress and lots of wiggle on the piece this could finally lead to stability issues. In contrast, two sections of wood properly glued together will often-times maintain together forever. Nails also can be fired from a pneumatic gun hooked to some compressor. A standard variety is the home nailer. Which brings me to wood glue.
Wood glue is a sizable topic unto itself although I will get into in another post but suffice it to say that a bottle of quality wood glue is an important addition to any woodworking toolbox. From pasting mortise and tenon joints together (see my joints article) to gluing planks together to form a tabletop, glue is a commonly an essential section of woodworking.
There are several different kinds of adhesive so make sure you work with the right glue for what it is you're constructing. For indoor jobs I like Titebond 3. Outdoor jobs in particular require an adhesive made specifically for that purpose, I enjoy Gorilla Glue.
Screws and nailers are always a good option for wood projects. I use them often on pieces that I build when I should join two-pieces of wood together quickly and securely but paste alone might not do the trick. Screws are generally used to attach tops of tables to their bases.
In generation furniture the idea is if there are any, conceal screws, but with some of our projects I feel it's absolutely acceptable. A few different spans of fundamental sheetrock or wood screws will regularly do the trick; maybe some 1.5" and some 2" to begin. Now here is the tricky component. Screws can be turned by you in by-hand but boy does that get old real quick. If you're planning on tightening more than 1 screw at a time you're going to want an energy drill. Even a basic drill will serve two functions that are important. 1. Using drill bits it is possible to drill a hole into wood. 2. It's possible for you to tighten screws.
Frequently times when screwing two pieces of wood together you need to pre-drill a pilot hole through the boards that's slightly smaller in diameter than the screw you plan to utilize to forbid the wood from splitting. A power drill will do that nicely. You don't need some 36 volt jackhammer. I'd advocate at least the best 12 volt model you are able to afford. And some adequate drill bits too.
So those are things that are a couple of that I think can get you began learning some basic woodworking skills. Remember which you don't have to invest a lot of money to get started-but tools are an investment and getting the finest quality tools that you can afford will go a ways towards making your projects run smoothly.